Uploading artifacts into Nexus via PowerShell

It may not be the most common thing, however it may happen that you would need to upload an artifact to a maven repository in Nexus via PowerShell. In order to achieve that, we will use Nexus REST API which for this task requires a multipart/form-data POST to /service/local/artifact/maven/content resource. This is however not a trivial task. It is notoriously difficult to manage a Multipart/form-data standard in PowerShell, as I already described in one of my previous post PowerShell tips and tricks – Multipart/form-data requests. As you can see this type of call is necessary in order to upload an artifact to your Nexus server. I will not get in a details about Multipart/form-data requests and if interested about the details, you can check just mentioned post.

For this purpose I created two cmdlets that will allow me to upload an artifact by supplying GAV parameters or by passing the GAV definition in a POM file. A couple of simple functions do support both of these cmdlets.

GAV definition in a POM file

As the heading suggests, this cmdlet will let you upload your artifact and specify the GAV parameters via a POM file.

function Import-ArtifactPOM()
		[string][parameter(Mandatory = $true)][ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]$EndpointUrl,
		[string][parameter(Mandatory = $true)][ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]$Repository,
		[string][parameter(Mandatory = $true)][ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]$PomFilePath,
		[string][parameter(Mandatory = $true)][ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]$PackagePath,
		[System.Management.Automation.PSCredential][parameter(Mandatory = $true)]$Credential
		if (-not (Test-Path $PackagePath))
			$errorMessage = ("Package file {0} missing or unable to read." -f $PackagePath)
			$exception =  New-Object System.Exception $errorMessage
			$errorRecord = New-Object System.Management.Automation.ErrorRecord $exception, 'ArtifactUpload', ([System.Management.Automation.ErrorCategory]::InvalidArgument), $PackagePath
		if (-not (Test-Path $PomFilePath))
			$errorMessage = ("POM file {0} missing or unable to read." -f $PomFilePath)
			$exception =  New-Object System.Exception $errorMessage
			$errorRecord = New-Object System.Management.Automation.ErrorRecord $exception, 'ArtifactUpload', ([System.Management.Automation.ErrorCategory]::InvalidArgument), $PomFilePath

		Add-Type -AssemblyName System.Net.Http
		$repoContent = CreateStringContent "r" $Repository
		$groupContent = CreateStringContent "hasPom" "true"
		$pomContent = CreateStringContent "file" "$(Get-Content $PomFilePath)" ([system.IO.Path]::GetFileName($PomFilePath)) "text/xml"
		$streamContent = CreateStreamContent $PackagePath

		$content = New-Object -TypeName System.Net.Http.MultipartFormDataContent

		$httpClientHandler = GetHttpClientHandler $Credential

		return PostArtifact $EndpointUrl $httpClientHandler $content
	END { }

In order to invoke this cmdlet you will need to supply the following parameters:

  • EndpointUrl – Address of your Nexus server
  • Repository – Name of your repository in Nexus
  • PomFilePath – Full, literal path pointing to your POM file
  • PackagePath – Full, literal path pointing to your Artifact
  • Credential – Credentials in the form of PSCredential object

I will create a POM file with the following content:


And invoke my cmdlet in the following way:

$server = "http://nexus.maio.com"
$repoName = "maven"
$pomFile = "C:\Users\majcicam\Desktop\pom.xml"
$package = "C:\Users\majcicam\Desktop\junit-4.12.jar"
$credential = Get-Credential

Import-ArtifactPOM $server $repoName $pomFile $package $credential

If everything is correctly setup, you will be first asked to provide the credentials, then the upload will start. If it succeeds, you will receive back a string like this:


It is a json representation of the information about imported package.

Manually supplying GAV parameters

The other cmdlet is based on a similar principle, however it doesn’t require a POM file to be passed in, instead it let you provide GAV values as parameter to the call.

function Import-ArtifactGAV()
		[string][parameter(Mandatory = $true)][ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]$EndpointUrl,
		[string][parameter(Mandatory = $true)][ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]$Repository,
		[string][parameter(Mandatory = $true)][ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]$Group,
		[string][parameter(Mandatory = $true)][ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]$Artifact,
		[string][parameter(Mandatory = $true)][ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]$Version,
		[string][parameter(Mandatory = $true)][ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]$Packaging,
		[string][parameter(Mandatory = $true)][ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]$PackagePath,
		[System.Management.Automation.PSCredential][parameter(Mandatory = $true)]$Credential
		if (-not (Test-Path $PackagePath))
			$errorMessage = ("Package file {0} missing or unable to read." -f $packagePath)
			$exception =  New-Object System.Exception $errorMessage
			$errorRecord = New-Object System.Management.Automation.ErrorRecord $exception, 'XLDPkgUpload', ([System.Management.Automation.ErrorCategory]::InvalidArgument), $packagePath

		Add-Type -AssemblyName System.Net.Http
		$repoContent = CreateStringContent "r" $Repository
		$groupContent = CreateStringContent "g" $Group
		$artifactContent = CreateStringContent "a" $Artifact
		$versionContent = CreateStringContent "v" $Version
		$packagingContent = CreateStringContent "p" $Packaging
		$streamContent = CreateStreamContent $PackagePath

		$content = New-Object -TypeName System.Net.Http.MultipartFormDataContent

		$httpClientHandler = GetHttpClientHandler $Credential

		return PostArtifact $EndpointUrl $httpClientHandler $content
	END { }

In order to invoke this cmdlet you will need to supply the following parameters:

  • EndpointUrl – Address of your Nexus server
  • Repository – Name of your repository in Nexus
  • Group – Group Id
  • Artifact – Maven artifact Id
  • Version – Artifact version
  • Packaging – Packaging type (at ex. jar, war, ear, rar, etc.)
  • PackagePath – Full, literal path pointing to your Artifact
  • Credential – Credentials in the form of PSCredential object

An example of invocation:

$server = "http://nexus.maio.com"
$repoName = "maven"
$group = "com.test"
$artifact = "project"
$version = "2.4"
$packaging = "jar"
$package = "C:\Users\majcicam\Desktop\junit-4.12.jar"
$credential = Get-Credential

Import-ArtifactGAV $server $repoName $group $artifact $version $packaging $package $credential

If all goes as expected you will again receive a response confirming the imported values.


Supporting functions

As you could see, my cmdlets relay on a couple of functions. They are essential in this process so I will analyse them one by one.

function CreateStringContent()
		[string][parameter(Mandatory = $true)][ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]$Name,
		[string][parameter(Mandatory = $true)][ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]$Value,
		$contentDispositionHeaderValue = New-Object -TypeName  System.Net.Http.Headers.ContentDispositionHeaderValue -ArgumentList @("form-data")
		$contentDispositionHeaderValue.Name = $Name

		if ($FileName)
			$contentDispositionHeaderValue.FileName = $FileName
		$content = New-Object -TypeName System.Net.Http.StringContent -ArgumentList @($Value)
		$content.Headers.ContentDisposition = $contentDispositionHeaderValue

		if ($MediaTypeHeaderValue)
			$content.Headers.ContentType = New-Object -TypeName System.Net.Http.Headers.MediaTypeHeaderValue $MediaTypeHeaderValue

		return $content

function CreateStreamContent()
		[string][parameter(Mandatory = $true)][ValidateNotNullOrEmpty()]$PackagePath
		$packageFileStream = New-Object -TypeName System.IO.FileStream -ArgumentList @($PackagePath, [System.IO.FileMode]::Open)
		$contentDispositionHeaderValue = New-Object -TypeName  System.Net.Http.Headers.ContentDispositionHeaderValue "form-data"
		$contentDispositionHeaderValue.Name = "file"
		$contentDispositionHeaderValue.FileName = Split-Path $packagePath -leaf

		$streamContent = New-Object -TypeName System.Net.Http.StreamContent $packageFileStream
		$streamContent.Headers.ContentDisposition = $contentDispositionHeaderValue
		$streamContent.Headers.ContentType = New-Object -TypeName System.Net.Http.Headers.MediaTypeHeaderValue "application/octet-stream"

		return $streamContent

First two functions are there to create a correct HTTP content. Each content object we create will correspond to a content-disposition header. The first function will return a string type values for the just mentioned header, meanwhile the Stream content will return a stream that will be consumed later on, having as a value octet-stream representation of our artifact.

GetHttpClientHandler function is a helper that will create the right http client handler that contains the credentials to be used for our call.

function GetHttpClientHandler()
		[System.Management.Automation.PSCredential][parameter(Mandatory = $true)]$Credential

	$networkCredential = New-Object -TypeName System.Net.NetworkCredential -ArgumentList @($Credential.UserName, $Credential.Password)
	$httpClientHandler = New-Object -TypeName System.Net.Http.HttpClientHandler
	$httpClientHandler.Credentials = $networkCredential

	return $httpClientHandler

Last but not least, a function that actually invokes the post call to our server.

function PostArtifact()
		[string][parameter(Mandatory = $true)]$EndpointUrl,
		[System.Net.Http.HttpClientHandler][parameter(Mandatory = $true)]$Handler,
		[System.Net.Http.HttpContent][parameter(Mandatory = $true)]$Content

	$httpClient = New-Object -TypeName System.Net.Http.Httpclient $Handler

		$response = $httpClient.PostAsync("$EndpointUrl/service/local/artifact/maven/content", $Content).Result

		if (!$response.IsSuccessStatusCode)
			$responseBody = $response.Content.ReadAsStringAsync().Result
			$errorMessage = "Status code {0}. Reason {1}. Server reported the following message: {2}." -f $response.StatusCode, $response.ReasonPhrase, $responseBody

			throw [System.Net.Http.HttpRequestException] $errorMessage

		return $response.Content.ReadAsStringAsync().Result
	catch [Exception]
		if($null -ne $httpClient)

		if($null -ne $response)

This is all the necessary to upload an artifact to our Nexus server. You can find the just show scripts also on GitHub in the following repository tfs-build-tasks. Further information about programtically uploading artifacts into Nexus can be found in the following post, How can I programatically upload an artifact into Nexus?.

Securing Nexus Repository Manager OSS

Recently one of my articles got published on SonaType web site. It is based on my blog post Nexus Repository Manager OSS as Nuget server, which, after reviewing it for SonaType blog, somehow didn’t seemed complete. Thus, I decided to add an extra chapter about the security which I would like to share with you, also on my personal blog, here.


I suppose that your computers are part of an Active Directory domain. I will propose here a setup to make your new Nexus instance dialogue with your domain controller when it comes to authenticating users. Why? Well, uploading packages to the hosted repository requires an API-key and it is assigned on per user basis. If you wish that your users (services) to be distinguished and limit some of them, you would need to setup the authentication and roles correctly. You could do this by simply using Nexus internal database, however, as we all know, adding users manually and creating another identity, from convenience and maintenance prospective is not recommendable. Not to speak about the security implications.

Setting up LDAP connection

In the left-hand main menu panel expand the security group and select the LDAP Configuration option. A new tab will open and you will be presented with a long list of parameters:


We are going to analyze them one by one and explain the values you do need to enter in order to make this connection work.

Here you have two choices Lightweight Directory Access Protocol and the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol over SSL. Probably you are going to use just a simple LDAP protocol and not the

The hostname or IP address of the LDAP server. Simply add the FQDN towards your domain controller.

The port on which the LDAP server is listening. Port 389 is the default port for the ldap protocol, and port 636 is the default port for the ldaps.
If you have a multi domain, distributed Active Directory forest, you should connect to the Active Directory through port 3268. Connecting directly to port 389 might lead to errors. Port 3268 exposes Global Catalog Server that exposes the distributed data. The SSL equivalent connection port is 3269.

Search Base
The search base is the Distinguished Name (DN) to be appended to the LDAP query. The search base usually corresponds to the domain name of an organization. For example, the search base on my test domain server could be dc=maio,dc=local.

Authentication Method
Simple authentication is what we are going to use in first instance for our Active Directory authentication. It is not recommended for production deployments not using the secure ldaps protocol as it sends a clear-text password over the network. You can change

For the LDAP service to establish the communication with the AD server, a valid account is necessary. Usually you will create a service account in your AD for this purpose only.

Password for the above mentioned account.

This is the first part of configuration. Now we need to check if what we entered is valid and if the connection can be established.
Click on Check Authentication button and if the configuration is valid, you should get the following message:


Base DN
You should indicate in which organizational unit Nexus should search for user accounts. By default it can equal to ‘cn=users’ however if you store your user accounts in a different OU, please specify the full path. An example, if you created an OU at the root level called MyBusiness then an OU called Users, you will need to specify the following value as base DN, ‘OU=Users,OU=MyBusiness’.

User Subtree
This needs to be check only if you are having other OU’s, under the one specified in Base DN, in which users are organized. If that is not the case, you can leave it unchecked.

Object Class
For AD it needs to be set yo ‘user’.

User ID Attribute
In the MS AD implementation this value equals to sAMAccountName

Real Name Attribute
You can set this to ‘givenName’ attribute, or simply to cn if givenName is not used during the user creation.

E-Mail Attribute
This attribute should map to ‘mail’

Group Type
Group Type needs to be set to Dynamic Groups.

Member Of Attribute
In case of MS AD this equals to ‘memberOf’.

Now that we have set all of the relevant values, we can ask Nexus OSS to give us a preview of retrieved accounts and mappings to make sure everything is set up correctly. Click on the Check User Mapping button and you should see a preview of the retrieved values and how they are mapped into Nexus OSS. If everything looks fine , save your configuration.

Once the configuration is persisted, the last thing to do is to let Nexus know that you would like to use this new setup for the authentication. This is done by enabling the LDAP Authentication Realm.

In the left-hand main menu panel, from the administration group, choose Server. In the nexus tab that opens, go to the security settings


You will find the OSS LDAP Authentication Realm in the group shown on the right side, called Available Realms. Move it to Selected realms (as shown in the picture above) and save this settings.

Configuring roles

Now that we are able to authenticate through LDAP (AD) we need to set who can do what. This is when the roles do get handy. I usually create security groups and then associate them to roles as this moves the operations of granting the access rights to merely assigning a user to a group.
You can still associate roles to the user in more or less the same way, however I’m going to show you my favorite approach.

From the left-hand main menu panel, in the Security group, select Roles. A new tab showing a list of roles will appear.


Choose Add and then External Role Mapping option. You will then be presented with the following dialog:


As you can see from this screenshot, choose LDAP as Realm and the role (an AD security group to be precise) you wish to map. Be aware that in some cases, not all of the groups will be listed. It is a well know bug. If this is your case, there is a workaround. Add a Nexus Role instead of the External Role Mapping and name the role precisely as your missing group is named. This should do the trick until this issue gets solved.

Once the mapping is added, you will need to assign roles (actual rights) to selected security group.


On the Role/Privilege Management bar, choose Add button and select the following roles:

  • Nexus API-Key Access
  • Nexus Deployment Role
  • Repo: All NuGet Repositories (Full Control)
  • Artifact Upload

These set of rights will enable whoever part of that group to login in Nexus OSS, manually upload packages, get the API-Key, and generally to control all NuGet repositories. In other words, a sort of developers role when it comes to NuGet.

When it comes to administrator role, it is sufficient to assign only the Nexus Administrator Role.
At the end of selecting roles, do not forget to click on Save button and persist this configuration.

This two basic profiles should be sufficient to start using Nexus. If further profiles are necessary, check the managing roles guide.

You can now test all of our security setup. Make sure you AD user account is part of the administrative security group that you just mapped to Nexus Administrator Role. Log out and log back in with your domain account. If you succeed to login, congratulations LDAP is set correctly.

Nexus Repository Manager OSS as Nuget server


In the past years I heard a lot of bad excuses when it came to NuGet package management. Mentioning Nexus in many .Net shops I had a chance to work in, put a strange ‘fear feeling’ in the air. None of those two chaps are to be in fear off and, surprise surprise, they work exceptionally well together. In this post I would like to tell you how to set up a NuGet proxy repository and a local, private, NuGet repository on Nexus Repository Manager OSS. I will guide you through the installation of Nexus Repository Manager OSS and all of the necessary setup tasks in order to create your own NuGet server that will proxy the calls to NuGet.org and store your own packages. I will mentions also some details about the configuration and maintenance and show you how to set up your tooling in order to work with it. It is going to be a pretty long post, so if interested, keep on reading. I hope that I can convince you to give a change to Nexus and get the best out NuGet.


In order ton install Nexus you need to make sure that a couple of things are in place.
First thing, make sure JRE is installed. In the command prompt run java -version. If command executed successfully you are ready to go. If not, download the right version for your OS at http://www.java.com/en/download/manual.jsp. Still make sure that you are running at least JRE version 8u31+, as it is strongly recommended by SonaType.

Operating system requirements are specified at the following link https://support.sonatype.com/hc/en-us/articles/213464208-Sonatype-Nexus-System-Requirements.

Download the latest version of SonaType Nexus at http://www.sonatype.org/nexus/go/. At the moment of writing the current version is 2.12.0.

Installing Nexus

In order to install Nexus Repository Manager OSS, you need to extract the content of the downloaded file inside a directory. In my case this will be D:\Nexus. Once done get inside a folder called nexus-2.x.x-xx\bin and execute the following commands, nexus install, and once done, nexus start. You will see something similar to this:

D:\Nexus\nexus-2.12.0-01\bin>nexus install
wrapper  | nexus installed.

D:\Nexus\nexus-2.12.0-01\bin>nexus start
wrapper  | Starting the nexus service...
wrapper  | Waiting to start...
wrapper  | Waiting to start...
wrapper  | Waiting to start...
wrapper  | Waiting to start...
wrapper  | Waiting to start...
wrapper  | nexus started.


Now let’s get on the default address http://localhost:8081/nexus.

If all went well you should see the following:


Login by following the link in the up-right corner. Default administrative account is admin with a password equal to admin123. Once logged in you will see in the menu on the left side additional options. We are now ready to start configuring our repositories.

I also advise you to check the list of recommended post installation configuration steps in the Post-Install Checklist.

Nuget proxy repository

By default, Nexus Repository Manager OSS ships pre-configured with several repositories. If you intend to used it only as a Nuget repository/proxy you can remove all of them.


This happens to be my case, so I will remove all of the pre-configured repositories. Once you delete all of them, you should see a message saying, No repositories defined.

I will now add a repository that will proxy calls towards the Nuget.org public repository. Click on add a choose Proxy repository.


At the bottom of the screen you will be asked to fill in all the necessary details. Let’s analyse the important ones.

Repository ID: I am going to choose a vary concise name here, as this will be a part of our feed url. I will set it to proxy.

Repository Name: This is just a name that will be assigned to this repository and it will only be visible from the Nexus repositories management interface. I will set it to Nuget.org proxy.

Provider: It needs to be set to NuGet.

Remote Storage Location: Here we will set the link to the NuGet.org feed. Currently it is https://www.nuget.org/api/v2/

This are all of the necessary parameters. Once filled in, you can click on Save.


If you now select the just created repository and then open the NuGet tab, you will find the link to your feed. In my case it is http://localhost:8081/nexus/service/local/nuget/proxy/.
First part of the link is obviously wrong. You will not be able to use this feed from any other machine than the server itself. It is displayed as local host as that is the url that we used to access the administration interface. It needs to be http://yournexusservername:8081/nexus/service/local/nuget/proxy/ where yournexusservername is the name of the machine. We will see later how to influence this url.

Nuget private repository

In case you have your own, private NuGet packages, that you would like to publish and retrieve, Nexus Repository Manager OSS can help you with that too. You need to create a hosted repository. For this repository you need to set the same settings as for the proxy, except the Remote Storage Location. I’ve set Repository ID to ‘private’ and Repository Name to ‘Nuget local repository’.
Once created, under the NuGet tab, you will find the personal API key that you need to use via NuGet.exe in order to push a package to this repository.


One last step is necessary before you get to be able to upload your packages. We need to enable the authentication and to do so, you will need to set NuGet API-Key Realm.


Under the Server settings, make sure that NuGet API-Key Realm is under the Selected Realms, which by default is NOT.

Now you can set your Api Key and push your package.

Api keys are on per user basis generated. Each user has it’s own unique key, and if you intend to upload the packages under a specific user profile, make sure you get the right key. Log in as that user and check the above mentioned property.

Living under the same roof

Having multiple repositories and feeds can be unhandy to setup and maintain. Lucky Nexus Repository Manager OSS offers a solution that can consolidate multiple repositories under a single feed. A repository group hides multiple repositories behind a single address/feed and allows us to modify the underlying repositories, add new ones or make other changes, without the need to change the configuration in any of your projects or in the tooling. Also it gives a lot of flexibility in setting up different policies and strategies in managing your repositories.
In order to create a Repository Group, under the repository management, choose Add then Repository Group option.


Same settings are mandatory as for the private repository with one addition. You need to choose which repositories will be part of this group.

Tidying up

Link to our feed as it is right now is quite verbose and hard to recall, http://yournexusservername:8081/nexus/service/local/nuget/proxy/. Instead of pointing to yournexusservername we may consider adding a CNAME into our DNS and then point it to that machine. This will also ease the maintenance later on, if we do decide to move the service to another machine. In that case it will be sufficient to re-point DNS to the new machine and no changes to the feed URL will be necessary.

Another thing that stands out is that Nexus Repository Manager OSS web server as it’s feeds do run on port 8081. If this is an option, it will be easier to run it on port 80 (or 443 in case you plan to use SSL). you can also notice that ‘nexus’ part of URL (context root) just after the port number, it also may not be necessary and removing it will shorten all of the url’s.

I registered a CNAME in my domain and called it nexus. Now by calling http://nexus.maio.local:8081/nexus I’m able to reach my server. In order to get server running on port 80 and remove that nexus suffix, we need to get to the conf folder (in my case D:\Nexus\nexus-2.12.0-01\conf) and edit the file called nexus.properties. We are interested in changing two properties under # Jetty section. First one is application-port which by default is set to 8081. You need to set this to 80. Second property we are going to change is nexus-webapp-context-path and we need to change if from /nexus to just a /. This will set the context root with no prefix and make our URL shorter.
At the end your configuration file should look like following:

# Jetty section

Now it will be sufficient to restart the nexus windows service in order the changes to take the effect. In case no other application is using the port 80, restart should succeed and we are now able to get to the administrative interface by just calling http://nexus.maio.local/.
Also my feed now changes to http://nexus.maio.local/service/local/nuget/proxy/ which is shorter and easier to remember.

To make sure that the URL’s are not based on the upcoming request, you will need to set the base URL in the server settings.


Set the base URL accordingly to your CNAME and remove the nexus from context root. You would like also to check the Force Base URL option as then the current settings will be considered for all of the links and Nexus Repository Manager will not base any on the upcoming request URL.

Other considerations


In case your Nexus Repository Manager is behind a proxy you will need to set the relevant settings inside the Server panel. Make sure that you set both HTTP and HTTPS settings as NuGet.org feed uses HTTPS.


It is sufficient to indicate the proxy host, port and the Authentication credentials (Username and password).

License and Vulnerability Tracking

This is a very neat feature that is offered by Nexus Repository Manager OSS. For our proxied repository we are able to activate Repository Health Check. If active Nexus Repository Manager OSS will return actionable quality, security, and licensing information about the open source components in the repository. This will give us an overview of the mentioned metrics for all of the packages that were served by our proxy feed. To enable it, click on the analyse button and after some time you will see the results.


On the SonaType blog you can find a video interview made to Marcel de Vries that talks this argument in the detail.


In case you are planning to use your proxy intensively you may be concerned about the disk space it may require to support all of the packages that are cached by the proxy. In that case you could opt for an out of the box task. If you open the Scheduled Tasks panel and Add a new scheduled task, there is a predefined task that will do just that.


Create a Scheduled task of type ‘Evict Unused Proxied Items From Repository Caches’. On a given schedule it will remove all of the items for the chosen repository that are older than a number of days you set.

Support and documentation

Nexus is a well documented project. You can find more information about all of the arguments treated in this blog post and much more at http://books.sonatype.com/nexus-book/reference/index.html. Also in case you encounter a problem and can’t find an answer about, there is a support even for a free OSS version at https://support.sonatype.com/hc/en-us/categories/201980798.

Visual Studio feed

Adding a new feed in Visual Studio is an ordinary task. Select the following menu Tools > NuGet Package Manager > Package Manager Setting. Then in the Options window, select Package Sources and add a new one by clicking on the plus button. You can name the new feed to Nexus and set the source to http://nexus.maio.local/service/local/nuget/feed/. Press Update, then OK.


This will allow you to access NuGet.org through Nexus Repository Manager OSS in Visual Studio.

Now in the NuGet Package Manager select the newly added Package Source and you are ready to browse and install the available packages.


If you added a group feed, you will be able to retrive both NuGet.org and your private packages through the same feed.

Build agent package restore

Before we enable the NuGet package restore in our build task we need to make sure that we have the necessary inside our nuget.config file. If you do not have a nuget.config file, you can place it in one of the paths that are listed in NuGet documentation.
In the package sources you need to add the new feed. Consider the following example.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
	<add key="Nexus" value="http://nexus.maio.local/service/local/nuget/feed/" />

Now you need to check in this file and enable the package restore on your build task.


This should be now sufficient for the build agent to retrieve all of the necessary packages via Nexus Repository Manager OSS.
You can now remove the packages folder from the source code and request a clean build. In the build console then you will find references about packages being restored.

Manually uploading a package

Our custom NuGet packages can be uploaded via the Nexus Repository Manager OSS web interface. Select your repository and go to the NuPkg Upload tab.


In that tab, select Browse and choose your .nupkg file. Then click on Add package and if that is the only one you would like to upload, choose Upload Package(s) button. If all goes well you will see the upload confirmation message. If you get to browse storage tab and refresh it, you should see your package uploaded.
To be sure that we can retrieve our custom package (also via the group repository) let’s get in Visual Studio and search for it.


As you can see, we are able to find our package both via our hosted repository feed as also via the group repository. This shows all of the potential of the group repositories and the way it eases the maintenance.

I came in an situation in which I was not able to find via group repository the package I uploaded. In case you upload a package that is present (matches the name and version of the package) in your proxy repository (NuGet.org), your package will not be shown. This is however an edge case and in real life situation you should never encounter such a situation. Still I think it is worth mentioning as during a trial it can happen and I do not want you to freak out about it.

Uploading the package via TFS 2015 build

With TFS 2015 Update 1 a new build task called NuGet Publisher is made available. It can help you with uploading your package to any NuGet repository. After adding the above mentioned build task to your build definition you will be presented with the following options:


It is sufficient to define a new NuGet Server Endpoint only once. If you choose manage and then add new generic endpoint you will need to specify your feed as server URL, assign an arbitrary name to this endpoint and set you ApiKey as Password/Token Key value.

In our example name is Nexus NuGet, Server URL is http://nexus.maio.local/service/local/nuget/private/ and Password/Token Key is 626d4343-965f-30bc-858e-a322672acf54.


Now that the endpoint is set, we need to specify a minimatch pattern that will point to our NuGet package. In the picture above you can see that I’m pointing my search for all the packages in the the staging folder, where my package is created. This will depend largely on your build definition and what you are trying to achieve.

This is sufficient to upload automatically from your build a new version of your package to our local NuGet server.

In case you are interested in building the package based on your sources and your nuspec file directly by your build definition, you can use NuGet Packager build step to achieve that. This is however out of scope for this blog post.

Uninstall Nexus

Last but not least, removing Nexus. In case you are not satisfied with Nexus you should remove it correctly. Luckily it is trivial.
As for the installation, let’s get into nexus-2.x.x-xx\bin folder. Following are the commands to execute and the relative output.

D:\Nexus\nexus-2.12.0-01\bin>nexus stop
wrapper  | Stopping the nexus service...
wrapper  | nexus stopped.

D:\Nexus\nexus-2.12.0-01\bin>nexus uninstall
wrapper  | nexus removed.

After both of these commands succeeded, you can safely remove the folder for your disk. In case you set a non default path for the repository storage, you can remove that one also.


That’s all folks! I hope I covered all of the arguments you may be interested in when it comes to Nexus Repository Manager OSS and NuGet. I do hope that this will encourage you in using or improve your current NuGet services setup.